Beowulf: Hall List of Words and Phrases not in General Use

 

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LIST OF WORDS AND PHRASES NOT IN GENERAL USE.

ATHELING.–Prince, nobleman.

BAIRN.–Son, child.

BARROW.–Mound, rounded hill, funeral-mound.

BATTLE-SARK.–Armor.

BEAKER.–Cup, drinking-vessel.

BEGEAR.–Prepare.

BIGHT.–Bay, sea.

BILL.–Sword.

BOSS.–Ornamental projection.

BRACTEATE.–A round ornament on a necklace.

BRAND.–Sword.

BURN.–Stream.

BURNIE.–Armor.

CARLE.–Man, hero.

EARL.–Nobleman, any brave man.

EKE.–Also.

EMPRISE.–Enterprise, undertaking.

ERST.–Formerly.

ERST-WORTHY.–Worthy for a long time past.

FAIN.–Glad.

FERRY.–Bear, carry.

FEY.–Fated, doomed.

FLOAT.–Vessel, ship.

FOIN.–To lunge (Shaks.).

GLORY OF KINGS.–God.

GREWSOME.–Cruel, fierce.

HEFT.–Handle, hilt; used by synecdoche for ‘sword.’

HELM.–Helmet, protector.

HENCHMAN.–Retainer, vassal.

HIGHT.–Am (was) named.

HOLM.–Ocean, curved surface of the sea.

HIMSEEMED.–(It) seemed to him.

LIEF.–Dear, valued.

MERE.–Sea; in compounds, ‘mere-ways,’ ‘mere-currents,’ etc.

MICKLE.–Much.

NATHLESS.–Nevertheless.

NAZE.–Edge (nose).

NESS.–Edge.

NICKER.–Sea-beast.

QUIT, QUITE.–Requite.

RATHE.–Quickly.

REAVE.–Bereave, deprive.

SAIL-ROAD.–Sea.

SETTLE.–Seat, bench.

SKINKER.–One who pours.

SOOTHLY.–Truly.

SWINGE.–Stroke, blow.

TARGE, TARGET.–Shield.

THROUGHLY.–Thoroughly.

TOLD.–Counted.

UNCANNY.–Ill-featured, grizzly.

UNNETHE.–Difficult.

WAR-SPEED.–Success in war.

WEB.–Tapestry (that which is ‘woven’).

WEEDED.–Clad (cf. widow’s weeds).

WEEN.–Suppose, imagine.

WEIRD. WYRD.–Fate, Providence.

WHILOM.–At times, formerly, often.

WIELDER.–Ruler. Often used of God; also in compounds, as ‘Wielder of
Glory,’ ‘Wielder of Worship.’

WIGHT.–Creature.

WOLD.–Plane, extended surface.

WOT.–Knows.

YOUNKER.–Youth.

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